Explainers

How to cure fish

Curing fish is a simple technique that's all about minimal effort and maximum reward. Bennelong's Rob Cockerill runs us through the age-old process.

Curing fish

Curing is one of the oldest methods of preservation, and it still finds favour as a way to not only extend the life of fish, but change its flavour and texture dramatically.

"A cured side of fish is a total show-stopper that requires very little work," says Rob Cockerill, head chef at Sydney's Bennelong. "It's great to have in the fridge, especially over the entertaining season. At Bennelong, we serve it simply with a little cultured cream, pickled onion or citrus to help lift the flavour."

Bread or blini, pickled fennel and herbs are always welcome accompaniments, too. But the start is where the real magic happens, with any flavours added to the salt-sugar mix working their way deep into the fish.

This basic method works well for a variety of fish – those with a high oil content, such as salmon, kingfish, sardines and mackerel, can all stand up to the process. The important thing is to adjust the recipe depending on the size of the fish: for smaller fish, reduce the quantity of salt, as well as the curing time. Cured fish will keep, covered, in the refrigerator for two weeks.

Step by step

Step 1. Combine 300gm rock salt and 50gm white sugar in a bowl. Add two bunches of finely chopped shiso, the zest of two mandarins and two shredded nori sheets. In a separate bowl, combine 100ml sake and 50ml rice wine vinegar, then add to salt mixture. Mix with your hands until cure mix is the consistency of wet sand.

Step 1.
Step 1.

Step 2. Lay two sheets of plastic wrap, large enough to wrap trout, in a deep tray (a lot of liquid will come out of the trout as it cures). and spread half the salt mixture over the plastic.

Step 3. Place a trimmed and pin-boned side of ocean trout (about 1kg) skin-side down on top of the salt mixture in the tray, then cover with remaining salt mixture. The trout should be completely covered with the salt mixture. Wrap trout tightly, leave at room temperature for an hour, then refrigerate, turning after a day, for two days to cure.

Step 4.
Step 4.

Step 4. Unwrap trout and wipe the salt mixture off with a clean, damp tea towel. Pat dry with paper towels.

Step 5.
Step 5.

Step 5. Place trout skin-side down on a chopping board, and, starting at the tail end, cut into the fillet with a sharp knife, then tilt the knife and run it along and against the skin to separate it from the flesh. (Alternatively, leave the skin on, it'll help the trout keep for longer.)

Step 6.
Step 6.

Step 6. Slice the cured trout thinly on an angle to serve.